An important component of any part of the house is its drainage system. Proper drainage is a reliable guarantee that in the event of heavy precipitation, the excess water will not linger and the area for the house will not flood.
Incorrectly constructed drainage system can lead to the opposite result, the whole area will be flooded with water. To avoid this, you need to take care of the correct slope of the drainage, its depth and other points. This is described in this article.
How to make a closed drainage
||Closed drainage-->Closed drainageThe best way to build drainage is to make it fit. Pipes should be laid not only in the area of greenery, but also without fail to pass directly near the house. For example, the site is located only on one side of the house, and then the drainage pipes should pass along the perimeter of the house, and then it is logical to lay the site. In a situation where the house is located exactly in the middle of the entire site, the pipes may run along the perimeter of the house, but in this case they must branch out on all four sides of the corner ends of the house.
If you got the idea to combine the laying of drainage for the house and for the whole site at the same time, then the pipes should be laid at a certain distance (1-2 meters) from the entire foundation of the house, along its entire perimeter. As for the depth of pipe laying, they are laid at a depth slightly lower than that at which the soil freezes through.
An important point! After the trenches have been dug outside the house, it is necessary to wrap them with geotextiles, then fill them up with a small layer of rubble and only after the procedures we have completed, we lay pipes and then finally fill them with rubble.
Water from the closed drainage system can be diverted either to a specially constructed filtration well, or to a ravine or a reservoir that is located close to the house.
How to make open drainage
||Outdoor drainage-->Outdoor drainageThe main difference between open drainage from closed not only in the name, but also in the method of drainage of excess water from the site. Basically, these are ditches of various depths, which are dug out over the entire area of the summer cottage, their depth should be from 50 cm to 1 meter. The complexity of this drainage method is as follows: care must be taken to ensure that the slope of the excavated trenches is correct. In other words, they should all be directed to the side where the drainage is located.
But there is some inconvenience in the use of open drainage system. After the rain, you can accidentally slip on the wet ground and simply fall into the dug trench, or it can happen in the case when the process of planting is in place (in the case of a vegetable garden).
For those suburban areas where there are no landings, this inconvenience can be solved with the help of special lawn grids. They are so durable that you can even park on some of them.
How to make soft drainage
Soft drainage is one of the most popular ways to drain water from the site. The best thing about it is that it is made quite simply. In dug trenches, which should be sent to the side where there will be drainage, at a depth of 50 cm there is a material that has a very good ability to retain moisture in itself, but at the same time not let it out (tecton). After that, the inner surface of this trench is covered with geotextile (only water is passed inside). And after the actions carried out, he is poured with rubble, but not only to the full height. Then they are sprinkled with a small layer of sand and in the final stage they are covered with turf.
Selecting one of the above methods will allow you to keep your site dry, despite any rain and other weather surprises. Unless of course everything will be done correctly!